keywords: Socio-economic, Warri, River, sand, mining, impacts
The increase in the demand for sand for construction and other purposes has placed immense pressure on the environment where sand resources occur. Thus, this study was carried out to assess the socio-economic impacts of river sand mining along the Warri River, Delta State. Two research questions were put forward and two hypotheses were stated to guide the study. The study employed the survey design using a self-developed questionnaire. Qualitative data were collected from 880 respondents. The data collected were analyzed using percentages, mean, and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Findings from the data collected using the questionnaire revealed that erosion, flooding, noise pollution, destruction of buildings, roads, bridges and railways, destruction of farmlands and vegetation, hindrances to hunting, fishing and lumbering businesses, alteration of water transport and accidents are the socio-economic impacts of sand mining in the study area. Findings from the data analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) revealed that sand mining has a significant socio-economic impact on the study area. Based on the findings from this study it was recommended that there should be introduction of proper management policies to check the current trend of the illegal river sand mining on the Warri River.
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